As per estimates by South Asian Amer-icans Leading Together, currently, more than 450,000 people of Indian origin living in the U.S. are stated to be un-documented.. In an executive order, Presi-dent Donald Trump stated, he will withhold federal funding from “sanctuary cities,” which provide protection from deportation to the nation’s 11 million undocumented residents, and reauthorized the “Secure Communities” program.

“Sanctuary jurisdictions across the Unit-ed States willfully violate federal law in an at-tempt to shield aliens from removal from the United States,” stated Trump in the executive order. “These jurisdictions have caused im-measurable harm to the American people and to the very fabric of our Republic,” he said.

The freshman Senator from California, Kamala Harris, a Democrat, said in a press statement: “Because of these executive or-ders, our nation is now less safe: immigrants will report fewer crimes, more families will live in fear, and our communities and local economies will suffer.”

“California has an outsized stake in this fight. No state has more immigrants than we do – both documented and undocumented. I intend to continue fighting back aggressively and speaking up for the vulnerable commu-nities that are being attacked by this adminis-tration,” she said.

The new law has been criticized for ra-cial profiling, as law enforcement officials can pick up anyone they suspect of being undocu-mented. In a joint press release issued Jan. 26 by the National Asian Pacific American Bar Association and SABA, the organizations noted that Trump’s “xenophobic executive orders” target people of color and encourage racial and religious profiling of Muslims and Sikhs, among others.

“Today’s executive orders push the na-tion further away from core American values of equality and freedom, sow fear in commu-nities of color that already face increasing violence, hostility and attacks, and make us and the country less safe — all under the guise of national security,” stated Suman Ra-ghunathan, executive director of SAALT, in a press statement.

The Secure Communities program mandates local law enforcement to act as im-migration agents. Under the aegis of the pro-gram, police have the authorization to ask for proof of residency from anyone they interact with. That information is then turned over to Immigration and Customs Enforcement to determine whether the person has commit-ted a deportable offense.

Sanctuary cities are those that have stat-ed they will not participate in the Secure Com-munities program, and provide protection from deportation to undocumented residents within their jurisdiction. Trump has pledged to strip federal dollars from sanctuary cities.

As per analysts, legal permanent resi-dents can also be deported if they have com-mitted an aggravated felony, or a crime of moral turpitude, which is vaguely defined. Laws vary from state to state, but in New York, for example, evading a subway fare would potentially make a legal resident deport-able. In other states, a traffic violation could lead to the deportation of a legal resident.

Asian Americans Advancing Justice’s Los Angeles chapter held a press conference Jan. 26, decrying the president’s action. “We are deeply troubled by the direction of our country and this administration’s apparent desire to appease his anti-immigrant and white supremacist supporters,” said the or-ganization in a press statement.

Lakshmi Sridaran, director of National Policy and Advocacy at SAALT, is reported to have stated: “For the first time, we are seeing an impact throughout the entire spec-trum of our immigration system,” she said. “Everyone is under suspicion,” stated Sri-dharan. “It is a recipe for disaster,” she said, reinforcing the fact that law enforcement can ask for proof of residency from legal and un-documented residents.

“Essentially, the police officer in a local community cannot just walk up to you and ask for your papers, but they can arrest you for something and then send your biometric data to DHS or ICE, who will then run your information through a database to determine if you are here legally,” she clarified.

Aravinda Pillalamarri, 47, an Indi-an-American woman was stopped, quizzed about immigration status in the United States. Aravinda Pillalamarri, along with her husband had been the inspiration behind Shahrukh Khan’s film Swades, was stopped and asked by police if she was in the US “il-legally”, an incident which comes amid rising fears over President Donald Trump’s immi-gration policies.

She was walking in her Bel Air neigh-borhood in Maryland on the morning of December 21, a routine with her, when she said she was stopped by a Bel Air Po-lice Department officer, The Baltimore Sun reported. Pillalamarri, who was born in India but moved with her parents to the US when she was young, was asked by the police officer about what she was do-ing and she replied that she was walking.

The officer continued to ask several questions. When she asked why the officer was asking her so many questions, he replied because someone had called police. “Walk-ing while brown?” Pillalamarri then asked the officer.

The report said a police supervisor ar-rived at the scene and began to question Pil-lalamarri more aggressively. The supervisor told her she wasn’t free to leave because she “was under criminal investigation”.

She was asked why she didn’t have an identification with her. “Why don’t you have ID?” she said the supervisor asked her. “Are you here illegally?” Once the officers had run her name through their computer system, Pil-lalamarri said, she was allowed to leave and walked to her home, just a few doors away. Pillalamarri has lived in Bel Air for more than 30 years and is a US citizen. Her parents came to America from India when she was a baby. She went to Bel Air High School.

“Only when the supervisor asked ‘are you here illegally’ did my sense of colour, and of being unequal, come forth and my interest in my civil rights took a back seat to get out of the situation safely,” she was quoted as saying.

“Public safety does not need to come at the cost of civil rights,” she added. “I am sharing this incident here not to ask anyone here to find fault or take sides. We are all on the same side and can use this as an oppor-tunity to learn and improve. The responsibil-ity to uphold civil rights is one that all of us share, and we need to do our part and also expect the police to do their part.”

All legal residents are encouraged to carry their green cards. Undocumented res-idents will live in fear of any type of interac-tion with police and are unlikely to seek help from law enforcement when needed.

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Born and educated in India, Ajay Ghosh came to the United States to pursue his higher studies in Journalism in 1997. After graduating with a Master’s Degree in Journalism from the School of Journalism at Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI, his life as a professional journalist began in the summer of 1999 in New York City. Starting as a reporter for India Post, he worked as the New York Bureau Chief of Indian Reporter and World News from 2000 to 2005. Having a Master’s Degree in Social Work, Ajay writes on social and other issues for