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South Asians in the U.S. experienced a spike in hate violence and xenophobic political rhetoric during the 2016 presidential election similar to levels seen the year following the September 11, 2001, attacks, said a report by a leading South Asian American advocacy organisation here.

The report titled, “Power, Pain, Potential,” by South Asian Americans Leading Together (Saalt) organization on Jan. 11, mentioned 140 incidents of hate violence and 67 instances of xenophobic political rhetoric aimed at South Asians, Sikhs, Hindus, Muslims, Arabs, and Middle Eastern Americans between Nov. 15, 2015, to Nov. 15, 2016.

It examined the dramatic demographic growth of South Asians across the U.S., particularly in the South, and revealed how an increase in population was met with increase in intolerance during the presidential elections. About 95 per cent of incidents were motivated by anti-Muslim sentiment, said the report, according to the website saalt.org.

“I think that the spike in hate violence really quantifies the level of suspicion and mistrust that many of our community members continue to experience, feel and see on a daily basis,” said Suman Raghunathan, executive director of Saalt.

The report also documented that US President-elect Trump was responsible for one in five (21 percent) xenophobic political state-ments. “With over 4.3 million South Asians in the U.S., policymakers must make it a first priority to address and dismantle the paradox of our communities living at the intersection of growth and hate,” Raghunathan said.

She further said that report was crucial at this time and “offers policymakers comprehensive recommendations to address hate crimes underreporting, improve relations between our communities and law enforcement, dismantle policies that promote racial profiling, and shift immigration policies to respect our communities’ needs.”